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Stamp Duty

Stamp Duty – What Has Changed? 

There has been a huge change to the stamp duty that is payable which runs until 31st March 2021.

In one of the biggest changes to the property market for some time, Chancellor Rishi Sunak has introduced a stamp duty holiday which is now in place and runs up until 31st March 2021. This £4bn stimulus to the property market has been launched with a single purpose – to stimulate the market and encourage potential buyers onto the property ladder.

“The average stamp duty bill will fall by £4,500 and nearly nine out of 10 people buying a main home this year will pay no stamp duty at all,” said Sunak in his summer statement.

For first-time buyers and existing homeowners, stamp duty rates are now as follows;

Property or lease premium or transfer valueSDLT rate
Up to £500,000Zero
next £425,000 (the portion from £500,001 to £925,000)5%
next £575,000 (the portion from £925,001 to £1.5 million)10%
remaining amount (the portion above £1.5 million)12%

For those who are buying a second home, or increasing their portfolio, stamp duty rates are now as follows;

Property or lease premium or transfer valueSDLT rate
Up to £500,0003%
next £425,000 (the portion from £500,001 to £925,000)8%
next £575,000 (the portion from £925,001 to £1.5 million)13%
remaining amount (the portion above £1.5 million)15%

The stamp duty holiday has been analysed by the TaxPayers’ Alliance, which estimates that the change could encourage 216,000 home moves.

John O’Connell, chief executive of the TaxPayers’ Alliance, said: “Stamp duty is a terrible tax and this measure will help get Britain moving again, potentially unlocking hundreds of thousands of new moves.  The tax gums up the housing market and locks down homeowners, at a time when many more people are ready to move. We estimate this tax cut could have an impressive effect on the housing market this year. The scale of these benefits show that the chancellor would be crazy to stop there. Raising the threshold further, or preferably just abolishing the tax completely, would build in huge benefits for homebuyers, productivity and the economy as a whole.”

Andrew Cardwell says of the changes: “This is an exciting change to the tax that is paid when a property is purchased.  I hope that this brings a fresh enthusiasm to the property market and it will encourage people to once again think about moving house as we adjust to to the post-lockdown “new normal”.  I would imagine that this will help create significant interest in sales being completed prior to March 2021.  There is a lot of ill feeling towards stamp duty in general, and it is often derided as unfair.  This stamp duty holiday will alleviate a major financial hurdle for many purchasers and as such can only be a good thing for helping the property market which is so central to the wider economy.  My concern is what will happen to the market in the immediate months that follow the end of this stamp duty holiday scheme, there is likely to be a surge in demand to get transactions completed by March, which will undoubtedly have an impact on the April, May, June, July and 2021 property market.”

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How is Stamp Duty calculated?

The calculator works out the Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) you'll have to pay for residential purchases. Plots and non-residential property may be subject to different rules.

BracketsStandard rateBuy-to-let/second home rate
Up to £125,000
First-time buyers: first £300,000 for property up to £500,000
Above £125,000 and up to £250,0002%5%
Above £250,000 and up to £925,0005%8%
Above £925,000 and up to £1,500,00010%13%
Above £1,500,00012%15%